Peripheral vascular disease affects millions of people everyday. The two main conditions that affect peripheral vascular disease are peripheral arterial disease & chronic venous insufficiency.
In peripheral arterial disease the blood flows from your heart down to your legs and feet with the help of the pump of the heart. If the artery is clean and healthy, you have normal flow of the blood. However, sometimes the condition of the body can cause the artery to become clogged. Then the blood can not flow from the heart to the feet and legs. This condition is called peripheral arterial disease.
Causes of Peripheral Arterial Disease
- High Cholesterol
- High Blood Pressure
The problem with cigarette smoking is that nicotine is a vascular constrictor which causes the artery to become narrower. In addition, smoking causes hardening of the artery. Therefore, it causes the blood not to flow very well to your feet and legs.
Diabetes is another major cause of peripheral arterial disease because high glucose levels in your blood creates damage in the vessel wall with build up of plaque. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) happens when this buildup on the walls of blood vessels causes them to narrow. It commonly affects people with type 2 diabetes, who are also prone to high cholesterol and heart disease.