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Diabetic Foot Care

shutterstock_176366876Diabetes affects 26 million people in the United States – according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention, diabetes-related complications may initially be noticed in our feet. Diabetes is a disease that can effect the body in many ways. In the feet, problems arise due to poor circulation of blood flow, decrease sensation due to nerve damage, and slower healing ability for infections or open sores. Fortunately, patients can take positive steps to prevent many types of foot complications that arise from diabetes. Diabetic patients should have their feet inspected daily along with periodic podiatrist visits to have their feet checked and toe nails cut to prevent the symptoms of this manageable disease.

Early consultation and treatment with the doctors at American Foot & Leg is an important medical decision for the diabetic patient. Treatment may entail conservative measures, such as debridement of toenails, corns and calluses; prescribing custom-made shoes; prescribing medications; care of open sores; and proper education about foot care. Surgical measures may also be involved to ensure that foot deformities do not progressively worsen and create further complications.

Foot Conditions

All of these conditions are potentially serious and require prompt and proper care to ensure you maintain the highest level of mobility and well being. Please contact us right away if you think you may be suffering from any of these conditions.

Ulcers (non-healing wounds):
Due to poor circulation and other issues, diabetics are at increased risk for foot ulcers. Ulcers are less likely to heal for diabetics due to a higher risk of infection. Proper treatment often requires care by a podiatrist with wound care expertise. The physicians at American Foot & Leg are certified wound care specialists ready to help. learn more +

Diabetic Neuropathic Ulcerations (nerve damage): is a problem in the diabetic community. The combination of reduced feelings in the feet, possible compromised vascular supply and friction can result in ulcerations of the feet. These can be treated conservatively or surgically by reconstruction to offload the problem areas that could cause limb threatening ulcers. Symptoms may include burning, numbness or tingling in the feet or toes. learn more +

Charcot Neuroarthropathy: is considered one of the most devastating manifestations of neuropathy and diabetes mellitus. The condition is commonly associated with joint destruction, subluxation/dislocation and instability. Often, reconstruction is necessary to obtain the desired goal of a stable, plantigrade, braceable foot. Charcot reconstruction may be performed with internal fixation, but in severe cases, external fixation may be required. learn more +

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): Poor circulation in the legs which may lead to cramping, fatigue and rest pain, and increased risk of amputation. learn more +

Skin Conditions: Dry skin causes cracks, skin discoloration, itching and irritation. Open sores cause pressure ulcers that can get infected or be difficult to heal. learn more +

Foot Deformities: Diabetic patients with bunions, hammertoes, heel spurs, ingrown toenails, and other foot deformities are at greater risk of developing complications that can lead to deformity or amputation. learn more +

Preventive Foot Care for Diabetics

When it comes to diabetic foot health, prevention is the best cure. Based on experience, we know that patients who get regular checkups and who take sensible daily precautions are able to prevent most diabetic foot problems from ever arising. Please let us work with you to maximize your mobility and well being through a preventative care program. Here are some preventative care measures we recommend:

  • Wash your feet daily in lukewarm water and followed by careful drying, especially between the toes
  • Avoiding moisturizers between the toes
  • Always wear proper, well fitting footwear and never walk barefoot
  • See your podiatrist for shoe gear recommendations each year
  • Be attentive to any injury to make sure it heals quickly. Even minor cuts and bruises can lead to bigger problems. If a wound does not seem to be healing right, please contact your physician immediately.
  • Maintain proper overall health (no smoking, limit alcohol consumption, monitor weight, exercise regularly)
  • Avoid incidental cuts and injuries by having a professional to cut your toenails and treat your callouses and corns. Depending on your situation, your health insurance may cover these regular visits.

Treatment for Diabetic Foot Problems

American Foot & Leg recommends an examination at least once a year and every 2-3 months for routine podiatry services for anyone suffering from diabetic foot problems. It is important to properly identify, treat and maintain any signs of infection to prevent deformity or loss of mobility. We can spot these time-sensitive problems and address them accordingly. Additionally we believe that education can also be a useful weapon in the battle against diabetes and diabetes-related foot conditions. American Foot & Leg is located in Atlanta, Stockbridge, Locust Grove and Fayetteville, GA. Contact us today at 404-363-9944 for expert advice and treatment of diabetic foot problems.