Dr. Mam talks about signs and symptoms of peripheral arterial disease. One sign is severe pain around your leg joints and calf. Usually the patient has to stop and massage the area to find some relief. Leg cramping is another sign, especially at night. Skin changes, loss of hair, dry skin. If not treated gangrene set in on the toes which may lead to amputation of toes or foot.

What is Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral arterial disease (It is also known as peripheral arterial disease, peripheral vascular disease or PAD) is a circulatory issue where blood flow is reduced to your limbs. This is often a result of plaque buildup or atherosclerosis in your arteries. While this disease often occurs in your legs, it may also be reducing blood flow to your heart or brain.

When you develop peripheral arterial disease (PAD), your extremities don’t receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking (claudication).

Peripheral artery disease is likely to be a sign of fatty deposits in your arteries. This is referred to as atherosclerosis. You often can successfully treat peripheral artery disease by quitting tobacco, exercising and eating a healthy diet.


Approximately half of individuals with peripheral vascular disease experience mild to no symptoms. The most common symptom is leg pain while walking (claudication). The severity of claudication can vary from mild discomfort to debilitating pain.

Signs and symptoms of peripheral artery disease are:

  • Fatigue or cramping of your muscles in the calf, thigh, hip, or buttock may signal you have PAD. Typically the discomfort is felt after walking a certain distance.
  • Leg numbness or weakness
  • Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side
  • pain in your toes or feet while resting, may demonstrate an advancing case of PAD.
  • An open wound or ulcer on your toes or feet. This often at a pressure point on the foot. An ulcer can progress to gangrene. These symptoms require immediate medical attention.
  • Hair loss or slower hair growth on your feet and legs
  • Shiny skin on your legs
  • No pulse or a weak pulse in your legs or feet
  • Erectile dysfunction in men