What is Plantar Fasciitis?
As one of the most common causes of heel pain, plantar fasciitis is the painful swelling of the fibrous band of tissue (plantar fascia) that connects the heel bone with the toes. The plantar fascia ligament provides support for the heel and arches of the foot. If the ligament is stretched beyond its normal range of motion or strained, then the tissue becomes swollen with inflammation. This swelling ultimately results in a constant, dull ache or a sharp stabbing pain in the heel of the foot when walking or standing.
Individuals who run long distances, people who are overweight, and men over the age of 40 are more likely than any other demographics to experience plantar fasciitis. Also, other foot conditions such as flat feet, high arches, and tight Achilles tendons can lead to a case of plantar fasciitis.
Symptoms and Treatments of Plantar Fasciitis
The pain associated with plantar fasciitis usually originates from the heel and develops gradually over time. However, plantar fasciitis pain is typically worse when getting out of bed in the morning or the first few steps after sitting for a long period of time.
Although, there is no single cure for plantar fasciitis, the physicians and American Foot and Leg Specialists may recommend a variety of treatments such as rest, ice, physical therapy, or making custom orthotics to provide support when wearing shoes.